There have been many questions about the fate of humans recently with the increasing popularity of AI. People are beginning to fear that artificial intelligence will take their jobs and places, maybe even the world. As this next level of technology is to act exactly like humans and even be smarter, it leaves room for much questioning.
But then, do we really know what Artificial Intelligence is all about? It would be better we find out before we continue further on the discussion.
Merriam-Webster dictionary defined artificial intelligence as:
A branch of computer science dealing with the simulation of behavior in computers.
The capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior.
Forbes reports that the term "artificial intelligence" was first coined in 1956 by John McCarthy when he convened a group of researchers from different disciplines including language simulations, neuron nets, complexity theory and more. The concept of AI was developed around “thinking machines”. In addition, Encyclopedia Britannica defines artificial intelligence as “the ability of a digital computer or a computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings”.
HOW DO THESE MACHINES WORK?
Sas says: "AI works by combining large amounts of data with fast, interactive processing and intelligent algorithms, allowing the software to learn automatically from patterns or features in the data."
It further explains that AI is a broad field of study that includes many theories, methods and technologies, as well as the following major fields such as, machine learning, neural network, deep learning; only a few to mention.
Machine Learning uses methods from neural networks, operations research and physics to find hidden insights in data without explicitly being programmed for task. A Neural Network, like neurons, process information by responding to external inputs, relaying information between each unit. Deep Learning uses huge neural networks with many layers of processing units, taking advantage of advances in computing power and improved training techniques to learn complex patterns in large amount of data.
ARE THESE MACHINES ALREADY IN EXISTENCE?
Yes, they are! This is what Ella Alderson has to say in an excerpt from her article “The truth about artificial intelligence” on Medium.
“First, we need to make sure we’re defining AI in the same way. There are two kinds of robots. The first is programmed with what it will say and do, or it is human controlled. Similarly, autonomous cars are not truly driving. They are merely following a set of provided guidelines and GPS systems. These robots already exist, and they continue to become more and more a part of our life. However, they are machines and are not truly “intelligent”. We still make the decisions for them, decide everything that they are going to say and do”.
The second type of robot “can think for itself and make decisions on its own. This kind of robot does not need humans”. R. L. Adams from his article “10 powerful examples of artificial intelligence in use today” has a list of AI we have been using and are still using, and sometimes not realizing it is artificial intelligence.
1. Siri. Everyone is familiar with Apple's personal assistant, Siri. Siri is the friendly voice-activated computer that we interact with on a daily basis. Siri uses machine-learning technology to get smarter and better able to predict and understand our natural-language questions and requests.
2. Alexa. Alexa's rise to become the smart home's hub, has been somewhat meteoric. When Amazon first introduced Alexa, it took much of the world by storm. However, its usefulness and its uncanny ability to decipher speech from anywhere in the room has made it a revolutionary product.
By the looks of it, AI will affect basically everything. And I think it’s getting all better when 5G network is hitting the world of technology. These all show that Artificial Intelligence will make human life easier and obviously reduce aging. However, due to the nature of ‘intelligence’, it leaves the big question...
"WILL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TAKE JOBS FROM PEOPLE"?
To simply answer, these robots will lack judgements and emotions based on experience.
They make music but can’t bring in all the vibes and love that humans can.
They may write but can’t evoke emotions as humans can.
We create them, we own them, and they work for us.
Meanwhile, the kind of artificial intelligence that will be able to do all that humans do is not yet in existence. That type of machine is called AGI (Artificial General Intelligence) which scientists still predict will be in perfection in about 50 years from now.